عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Political organization of the space is the process of dividing and demarking of the territory corresponding with geographic, political, administrative, economic, security, social and cultural goals. The main goal of political organization of the space is optimal management of geographic space with optimal effectiveness and minimal damages. The most valuable section of political organization of the space is the state level which is called province, state, region and etc. Change in the different levels of political organization of the space is in the domain of the governments’ authority. At the first step, this article investigates the process of changes in the first level of political organization of the space in the world states during the period 1960-2020. At the second step, the paper investigates measurement and the effect of five factors including population, area, GDP, human development index and security in changes in first level of political organization of the space in 191 states of the world. The research method is descriptive-analytic and data gathering procedure is based on library findings. In statistical section, EXCEL and SPSS will be used. The results of the first sections show three different patterns in the number of provinces of states of the world including increase, decrease and without- change patterns. The results of the second section show different impacts of fivefold factor in the states. In a way that, the states with lowest changes or without changes in political organization of the space have been more successful in reaching their goals.