تحلیل نقش امنیت در توسعه گردشگری مقصدها (مطالعه موردی: نواحی روستایی طرقبه و شاندیز)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Assistant Professor of Geography and Rural Planning, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Geographical Sciences and Planning, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.

3 PhD Student of Geography and Rural Planning, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

چکیده

انتخاب مقاصد گردشگری توسط گردشگران بر اساس در نظر داشتن عوامل متعدد صورت می‌گیرد که یکی از مهمترین آن‌ها امنیت مقصد گردشگری می‌باشد. زیرا امنیت به عنوان یکی از مسائل مهم اجتماعی- سیاسی تاثیر گذار در فرآیند توسعه یک اجتماع و اجرای برنامه های مختلف توسعه ای در آن می باشد. بر این اساس هدف مطالعه حاضر بررسی نقش امنیت در توسعه گردشگری مقصدهای روستایی می‌باشد. به لحاظ روش شناختی این پژوهش از نوع پژوهش‌های توصیفی – تحلیلی بر اساس مطالعه کتابخانه ای و میدانی است. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل گردشگران روستاهای شهرستان بینالود می‌باشد. برای تعیین حجم نمونه از کل روستا‌های منطقه مورد مطالعه، 8 روستای هدف گردشگری انتخاب و از طریق نمونهگیری کوکران 194 نفر به عنوان نمونه انتخاب گردید. تحلیل‌ها از طریق آزمون های T تک نمونهای، همبستگی، رگرسیون (بین متغیر مستقل امنیت و متغیر وابسته توسعه گردشگری) و مدل ویکور  (Vikor) انجام گرفت. نتایج تحقیق حاکی از آن است که متغیر امنیت با متغیر گردشگری با مقداره 0.713 دارای رابطه‌ای مستقیم با شدتی قوی می‌باشد و بر اساس نتایج رگرسیون، امنیت عامل مهم و تاثیرگذار در گردشگری محلی میباشد. همچنین یافته‌های مدل ویکور نشان می‌دهد روستاهای جاغرق، کنگ و ابرده از وضعیت مناسبی از نظر امنیت گردشگری برخوردار می‌باشند و روستاهای نغندر، عنبران و زشک در سطح پایینی قرار گرفته‌اند. بنابراین سطح احساس امنیت متفاوتی از نظر گردشگران در بین روستاهای گردشگری منطقه وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analyzing the Role of Security in local Societies Tourism Development Case Study: Rural Areas of Torqabeh and Shandiz County

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamdollah Sojasi Qeidari 1
  • Narges Vazin 2
  • Kebria Moradi 3
  • Zeinab Erfani 3
1 Assistant Professor of Geography and Rural Planning, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Geographical Sciences and Planning, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
3 PhD Student of Geography and Rural Planning, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

Tourist destinations are selected by tourists based on various factors. One of the most important factors is tourist destination security. The study aims to investigate the role of security in the development of rural tourism. The methodology is descriptive-analytical. The statistical population includes 194 tourists from eight villages of Torqabeh and Shandiz County, which selected through the Cochran formula. A survey containing Likert- type scales were used for data collection. The reliability of the questionnaire was measured through Cronbach Alpha, which is acceptable. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS and Pearson Correlation test, One Sample T-test and Linear Regression, and VIKOR model. The results indicate that the security variable has a strong direct relationship with the tourism development variable (Coefficient = 0.713). In other words, security positively influences rural tourism development. In addition, the results of VIKOR model reveals that there is a different level of security for tourists in 8 tourist villages of the region; Jaghargh, Kang, and Abardeh villages are in good condition, but Noqondar, Anbaran, and Zoshk villages are at lower level in terms of tourism security and Zoshk village is at the lowest level in terms of tourism security that for the development of tourism in these villages should be considered by the authorities. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Tourism Development
  • Tourism Security
  • Rural tourism
  • Destination
  • Torqabeh and Shandiz County
  1. Asadi, H., Aminpor, A., Esfahani, N. & Zeytunli., H. (2010). Study of Various Dimensions of Security in Iran’s Sport. Tourism Management Studies, 5(13), 47-64. [In Persian]
  2. Bred, Z., & Costa, C. (2005).Safety and Security Issues Affecting Inbound Tourism in the People’s Republic of China. In Mansfeld, Y. & Pizam, A (Eds). Tourism, Safety and Security: From Theory to Practice. Butterworth- Heinemann.
  3. Buzan. B. (1999). People, States, and fear. Translation by Research Institute of Strategic Studies. Tehran: Research Institute of Strategic Studies Publications. [In Persian]
  4. De Albuquerque, K., & McElroy, J. (2009). Tourism and Crime. Translation by Reza Godarzi. A collection of articles on Tourism and Terrorism. Isfahan’s disciplinary command. Applied Research Office. [In Persian]
  5. De Albuquerque, K., &McElroy, J. (2005). Tourism and Terrorism. Journal of Conflict Resolution. SAGE.
  6. Ghadiri Masoum, M., Estelaju, A., & Pazoki, M. (2015). Sustainable tourism (Rural-Nomadic). Tehran: University of Tehran Press. [In Persian]
  7. Goeldner, C.R., & Ritchie, J.R.B. (2003), Tourism: principles, practices, philosophies. Ninth Edition. New York: John Wiley & sons.
  8. Golshiri Esfahani, Z., Roknadin Eftekhari, A., Pourtaheri, M. (2015). Spatial Analysis of Health Tourists Security in the Rural Areas of Iran. Geopolitics Quarterly, 11(38), 174-197. [In Persian]
  9. Hair, J.F., Black, W.C., Babin, B.J., Anderson, R.E. and Tatham, R.L. (2006). Multivariate Data Analysis. Vol. 6, Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River.
  10. Hajinejad, A., Fataee, A., & Paydar, A. (2015). Application of decision-making models and techniques in geography with an emphasis on rural, urban and tourism planning. Tehran: Iranian Students Booking Agency. [In Persian]
  11. Heydari Chianeh. R. (2009). Principles of tourism industry planning. Tehran: SAMT Publications. ]In Persian[
  12. Hezar Jaribi, J. (2011). Feeling Social Security from the Viewpoint of Tourism Expansion. Geography and Environmental Planning, 22(2), 121-143. [In Persian]
  13. Hui, T, D., Wan, D., & Ho, A. (2007). Tourists’ satisfaction, recommendation and revisiting. Tourism management, 28(4), 965-975.
  14. Kadivar, A.A., & Saghaee, M. (2007). Organizing Tourism in the promenade around the city (Case Study: Akhlamad Valley). Geographical Researches Quarterly Journal, 21(4), 111-134. [In Persian]
  15. Kafi, M., Askarzadeh, M., & Mansouri, A. (2007), The Principle of Safety Management and Immunization in Park Designs. Agricultural Sciences, 38(1), 33-38. [In Persian]
  16. Karami Dehkordi, M., Kalantar, K., & Babajani, A. (2012). Identification and Prioritization of Security Obstacles in Rural Tourism Development by using Delphi Technique (Research Area: Chehar-Mahal Va Bakhtiary). Strategic Research on Social Problems in Iran, 1(4), 59-74. [In Persian]
  17. Khoshfar, G.R., Esfandian, A., Rahmani, M. (2013). A Study of Tourists’ Views on Personal and Social Security Perception and other Affecting Factors (Case Study: Tourists of Naharkhoran and Alang Dareh Regions in Gorgan). Tourism Planning and Development, 2(6), 181-202. [In Persian]
  18. Kosheshtabar, M. (2004). Investigation of Economic Barriers in the Development of Iran’s Tourism Industry. Master Thesis. Islamic Studies and Economics Department. Imam Hossein University. [In Persian]
  19. Kovari, I., & Zimanyi, k. (2011). Safety and Security in the Age of Global Tourism (The Changing Role and Conception of Safety and Security in Tourism, Applied Studies in Agribusiness and Commerce, 5(3-4), 59-61.
  20. Lotfi, H., & Khamechi, M. (2012). The Role of Security in the Tourism Development in Zabul. National Congress on Border Cities and Security: Challenges and Strategies. Zahedan. [In Persian]
  21. Lotfifar, M., & Yaghfori, H. (2012). The role of security in tourism development: Chabahar case studies. The First National Congress of Makran coast and the maritime authority of Iran. Chabahar. [In Persian]
  22. Mansfeld, J., & Pizam, A. (2010). Tourism, Security and Safety: From Theory to Practice, Translation by Ali Sahraneshin, Malek Jafari, & Hesam Validi. Isfahan: Shahid Hossein Fahmide Publications. [In Persian]
  23. Mosaii, M. (2004). Estimation of tourism demand function in Iran. Trade Studies Quarterly, 8(32), 225-244. [In Persian]
  24. Mottaghi, S., Sadeqi, M., & Delalat, M. (2016). Security role in the development of foreign tourism (Case Study: Yazd foreign tourists). Urban Tourism Quarterly, 3(1), 77-91. [In Persian]
  25. Popesu, L. (2011). Safety and Security in Tourism. Case Study: Romania, Forum Geographic. studii şi cercetări de geografie şi protecţia mediului,10(2), 322-328.
  26. Rabani, R., Shahivandi, A., Dehghannia, M.M., & Nazer Hazrat. J. (2011). Role of Police in Providing Security and Tourism Attraction (Case Study: Isfahan city).  Societal Security Studies, 2(26), 39-60. [In Persian]
  27. Rezaei, N. (2014). Analysis of Public Diplomacy in Iranian Tourism Industry. Geopolitics Quarterly, 10(34), 160-188. [In Persian]
  28. Rezvani, A. (2013). Geography and tourism Industry. Tehran: Payamnor Publications. [In Persian]
  29. Roknoddin Eftekhari, A., Beshami, B., Sojasi Ghaidari, H., Hassanpour, Y. (2009). Role of Member Countries of Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) in Global Tourism. Geopolitics Quarterly, 5(15), 138-168. [In Persian]
  30. Sedighi, E., & Hasani, M. (2013). Investigation of Effective Parameters on Tourism Security in Forest Parks of Naharkhoran. Renewable Natural Resources Research, 4(1), 19-28. [In Persian]
  31. Seydaei, A., & Hedayati Moghadam, Z. (2010). The role of security in Tourism Development. Journal of Social Sciences, 4(8), 97-110. [In Persian]
  32. Shahivandi, A., Raiesi vanani, R., & Soltani, M. (2010). Social and Psychological Effectiveness on Foreign Tourists Attraction (Case Study of Esfahan City Foreign Tourists in 1389). Order and Security Guards, 4(1), 137-165. [In Persian]
  33. Sharpley, R. (2002). Rural Tourism and the challenge of tourism Diversification: The Case of Cyprus. Tourism Management, 23(13), 233-244.
  34. Steiner, C. (2006). Social distance, Security Threats and Tourism Volatility. Germany: University of Mainz.
  35. Veicy, H., Mehmandoost, K. (2015). Investigation of the Obstacles of the International Tourism Development in Iran (With Emphasis on Inbound Tourism). Geopolitics Quarterly, 11(37), 197-194. [In Persian]
  36. Zamanian, R., Fathi, H., Nahibi, S. (2010). A Study of Geopolitical Effects of Promotion of Regional Tourism Through Strategic Planning Approach Case Study: Regional Tourism in Chadgan, Kohsavar Tarar. Geopolitics Quarterly, 6(18), 182-214. [In Persian]
  37. Ziaee, M., Javdan, M., Kazemi, S. (2014). The spatial organizational arrangement of tourism destinations (rural-urban) at regional level Case: Torgabeh shandiz. Journal Space Economy & Rural Development, 3(9), 83-110. [In Persian]