رویکردی ژئوپلیتیکی به ضعف و عدم گسترش دموکراسی در خاورمیانه مطالعه موردی: ایران و عربستان سعودی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه جغرافیای سیاسی و عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه جغرافیا و عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه هرمزگان، هرمزگان، ایران.

3 دانشجوی مقطع دکترای جغرافیای سیاسی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

4 کاندیدای دکتری روابط بین الملل، دانشگاه آنکارا حاجی بایرام ولی، ترکیه

چکیده

در این مقاله استدلال شده که عدم شکل‌گیری یا رشد دموکراسی در منطقه خاورمیانه به عامل مرکزیت ژئوپلتیکی مربوط است. تحلیل شبکه‌ای از مرکزیت ژئوپلیتیکی دو کشور ایران و عربستان نشان می‌دهد که از مهمترین موانع سد کننده تحقق و یا گسترش دموکراسی در آنها، مرکزیت ژئوپلیتیکی بالای این دو کشور در زیر شبکه‌های ژئوپلتیکی موجود در منطقه بوده است. در ایران تا انقلاب 1979، مرکزیت بالای این کشور در زیرشبکه‌های ژئوپلیتیکی امنیت و غرب، و پس از انقلاب مرکزیت بالای آن در چند زیر شبکه ایدئولوژیکی، رشد دموکراسی لیبرال را در آن کُند کرده است. برعکس در عربستان، مرکزیت بالای این کشور تا دهه 1980 در زیرشبکه های ایدئولوژیکی و نقش آفرینی آن در زیر شبکه‌های ژئوپلیتیکی غرب و امنیت در سه دهه اخیر، مانع شکل‌گیری دموکراسی لیبرال در این کشور شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Geopolitical Approach Toward Deficit and Non- Growth of Democracy in The Middle East [Case Study: Iran and Saudi Arabia]

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rasoul Afzali 1
  • Mehdi Mirzadeh Koohshahi 2
  • Abolghasem Mahmoodi 3
  • Seyedmohammad seyediasl 4
1 Associate Professor at the Department of Political Geography and a Faculty Member of the University of Tehran,Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor at the Department of Geography and a Faculty Member of the University of Hormozgan, Hormozgan, Iran
3 Political Geography Ph.D. Student at the University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4 PhD Student, Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University, Turkey
چکیده [English]

It is argued in this paper that the non-formation or non-growth of democracy in the Middle East is related to geopolitical centrality. The network analysis of Iran and Saudi Arabia in terms of geopolitical centrality indicates that the high geopolitical centrality of these two countries in the existing geopolitical sub-networks at this region is one of the important barriers against realization and promotion of democracy. In Iran before 1979 Revolution, its high centrality under geopolitical sub-networks of security and the west and also after the 1979 Revolution, its high centrality in several ideological sub-networks have made slower Liberal democratic growth in this region.in contrast In Saudi Arabia, high centrality of this country since 1980s   in ideological sub-networks and its role in geopolitical sub-networks of  west and security  on three past decades has hindered formation of Liberal democracy in this country..

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Democracy
  • Geopolitical centrality
  • Middle East
  • Iran
  • Saudi Arabia
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