اختلافات راهبردی آمریکا و عربستان در جهان عرب (2010-2017)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

2 استاد روابط بین الملل، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

به لحاظ تاریخی روابط آمریکا و عربستان بر مبنای نفت در مقابل امنیت استورا بوده است که بر اساس آن عربستان سعودی از حفظ ثبات بازار جهانی انرژی حمایت کرده و در مقابل آمریکا نیز امنیت این کشور در مواجه با تهدیدهای منطقه ای را تضمین کرده است. با وجود این، تغییراتی در دهه دوم قرن جدید اتفاق افتاده است. در واقع، روابط عربستان سعودی و آمریکا در دنیای عرب طی دوره ریاست جمهوری باراک اوباما دچار گسست هایی شد. در این زمینه، راهبرد دو کشور برای مواجهه با بی ثباتی های جهان عرب که از آن به بهار عربی یاد می شود، بویژه در مصر، در مرکز اختلافات فی مابین دوکشور قرار داشت که منجر به ایجاد چالش هایی بین آنها شد. از این رو، با استفاده از روشی تبیینی، در این پژوهش تلاش بر این است تا عواملی که منجر به اختلافات راهبردی عربستان و آمریکا در دنیای عرب بین سالهای 2010-2017 شده است، شناسایی شود. فرض مورد نظر این است که تلاشهای آمریکا برای انطباق با تغییرات ژئوپلیتیکی نظام بین الملل منجر به ایجاد اختلافات راهبردی بین آنها در دنیای عرب از سال 2010-2017 شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Strategic Differences between the US and Saudi Arabia in Arab World (2010-2017)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hormoz Jafari 1
  • Asghar Jafari Valdanه 2
1 Allameh Tabataba'i University
2 Full Professor of International Relations, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Historically, Saudi Arabia and USA relationship have been based on oil-for-security in which Saudi Arabia supports global energy market stability through its production-export policies and the US guarantees Saudi Arabia security in facing with regional threats. Yet, there were some changes in second decade of the new century. As a matter of fact, USA and Saudi’s relationship in Arab world experienced some rifts during Barak Obama era. In this regard, the two country strategy for coping with revolutionary upheavals in the Arab world which is called “Arab Spring”, especially in Egypt, was among their central divergence causing several challenges between the two countries. Hence, Using Explaining method, in this research, it is aimed to inspect that what factors are resulted in the US and Saudi Arabia strategic differences in Arab World through 2010-2017? The US attempts to adapt with geopolitical changes in international system have been resulted in the US and Saudi Arabia strategic differences in Arab World.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • strategy
  • US
  • Saudi Arabia
  • war
  • Muslim brotherhood

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