عنوان مقاله [English]
an urban system, within the framework of a systematic approach, consists not only of a set of urban settlements, but also of spatial flows and relationships between cities, so that because of its structure and function at various scales. Development plays a role. Using a descriptive-analytical approach, this paper explores the views of two major political geographers, Saul Bernard Cohen and Edward Soja, on how to study the city as a system. The results of this study show that, for Cohen, the "political system" is the starting point for the analysis of political processes as processes operate within it, so that, first, the concepts of "process" and "system" are inseparable. Secondly, 'social forces' are at the heart of the city's political system because by creating political exchanges, institutions operate through them and shape the relevant environment. While Soja, while considering the two spatial and political systems of the city, believe that the "spatial system of the city" is a part of the space that is formally and functionally organized, by modeling the characteristics and structuring of organized flows and goals. Is. But at the same time, there is an inherent geographical order in human society - a "spatial anatomy" of "human behavior" and "social organization" that has discoverable and systematic features. For this reason, in his view, some sort of order is concentrated in space systems, especially the "political system of the city".