نقش همگرایی منطقه ای در صلح و توسعه منطقه ای در مرکوسور؛ رویکردی به ژئوپلیتیک انسان گرا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

2 استاد تمام گروه جغرافیای سیاسی ، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس.

3 استاد جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه امام حسین (ع)

4 استادیار گروه جغرافیای سیاسی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

ایجاد سازمان منطقه ای و بین المللی به عنوان روشی برای ایجاد و حفظ صلح مورد توجه قرار می گیرد. در واقع، یکی از دلایل تحول در سازمان بین المللی بعد از جنگ سرد استقرار صلح و امنیت در مقیاس منطقه ای بوده است. آمریکای لاتین یکی از مناطق استراتژیک جهان است که روند جدیدی از همگرایی منطقه ای را پس از جنگ سرد تجربه کرده است و دولت های منطقه ای روش های متعددی را برای ارتقای همکاری و اتحاد منطقه ای در ابعاد مختلف بویژه در بعد اقتصادی اتخاذ کرده اند. با این توضیح، این مقاله در پی بررسی نقش مرکوسور در توسعه و صلح در آمریکای لاتین است. این مقاله بحث می کند که مرکوسور در این زمینه عملکرد موفقیت آمیزی داشته است و هم راستا با علایق آمریکای لاتین عمل کرده است و همچنین این سازمان می تواند الگویی برای همگرایی منطقه ای و وابستگی متقابل باشد و همچنین می تواند به دیگری کشورهای منطقه ای که علایق مشترک سیاسی دارند، نیز تسری یابد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Role of Regional Integration in MERCOSUR Regional Peace and Development An Approach to Human-Centered Geopolitics

نویسندگان [English]

  • saeed sadeghlou 1
  • Mohammadreza Hafeznia 2
  • seyyed yahya Safavi 3
  • Ebrahim Roumina 4
1 Human Sciences,Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Full Professor of Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
3 Political Geography, Imam Hossein University
4 Assistant Professor Of Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The creation of regional or international organizations is considered as a way to peace building and keeping. In fact, one of the causes of transformation of international organization after the Cold War has been the settlement of peace and security in regional context. Latin America is among strategic regions of the world that has witnessed a new trend of regional integration after the end of the Cold War and the regional states have taken different ways to promote regional cooperation and alliance in different facets and in particular in economic and political realms. So, the research is intended to investigate the role of MERCOSUR in regional peace and development in Latin America. This paper argues that MERCOSUR has been successful, and it is in line with Latin America interests and also can provide a proper pattern of regional integration and interdependence and can be developed among the states which share common political interests.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Regional Integration
  • Peace
  • Development
  • MERCOSUR
  • Latin America
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