بنیان‌های فرهنگی منازعة ایران و عربستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار روابط بینالملل، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار مطالعات زنان، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

ایران و عربستان سعودی، تقریباً از دهه 1950 به این سو، یکدیگر را به عنوان یک رقیب در نظر گرفته‌اند. رقابت ایران و عربستان، زمینه گسترده‌ای را دربرمی‌گیرد. این زمینه رقابت در کنار شماری از عوامل مادی و معنوی سبب بروز تنش و تیرگی در روابط تهران ـ ریاض شده است. هراس این دو کشور متأثر از معنای غیرواقعی است که آن‌ها به مبانی و مؤلفه‌های فرهنگی یکدیگر بخشیده‌اند. در اثر این معنادهی، منظومه‌ای از معنا در ذهن آنان برساخته گردیده است که می‌توان آن را یک «گفتمان» نامید. این گفتمان از مجموعه‌ای عناصر چون مذهب، قومیت، ماهیت نظام سیاسی تشکیل شده است. این تحقیق در پی واکاوی نقش و جایگاه فرهنگ در تکوین منازعه در روابط ایران و عربستان است و این سؤال را مطرح می سازد که فرهنگ چه جایگاهی در تکوین منازعه در روابط ایران و عربستان دارد؟ فرضیه پژوهش این است که دوگانه‌سازی عرب/ عجم، دگرسازی شیعه/ سنی، الگوپردازی مداخله و رویکرد محافظه‌کاری/ انقلابی از بنیان‌های فرهنگی منازعه در روابط ایران و عربستان است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Cultural Foundations of the Iran-Saudi Arabia Conflict

نویسندگان [English]

  • morteza nourmohammadi 1
  • anahita seifi 2
1 Assistant Professor of International Relations, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Women Studies, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Since 1950s, Iran and Saudi Arabia have considered each other as a rival and competition between two countries includes a wide range of issues. This field of competition along with a number of material and spiritual factors has caused conflicts in the relations of Tehran-Riyadh. Owing to this fact, a series of perceptions have occupied their minds which can be called a discourse. The discourse consisted of a set of factors such as religion, ethnicity and the nature of the political system. This research seeks to study the role and position of culture in advent of conflicts in Iran and Saudi Arabia’s relations. The methodology of the article is based on data analysis and content analysis. The results of the research indicate that the dualization of Arab/Ajam, Shiite-Sunni antagonism, and the conservative/ revolutionary approaches are the cultural foundations of conflict between Iran and Saudi Arabia. These findings show that an increase in cultural interactions, especially through non-governmental organizations and informal channels can reform perceptions and decrease tensions. Iran and Saudi Arabia can improve relations through emphasis on common grounds e.g. common beliefs, common interests in confrontation terrorism and stability in region. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Iran
  • Saudi Arabia
  • culture
  • conflict
  • Otherness
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